"The Blue Ribbon Report Richard Nixon Chose to Bury" In 1972, Richard Nixon appointed former Republican Pennsylvania Governor Raymond Shafer to head a National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse. The conclusions of that report were not what the President wanted.

This public service advertisement appeared in the National Review, the New Republic, the American Prospect, The Nation, Reason Magazine, and The Progressive in the fall of 2006.

A camera-ready copy of this PSA is available in Portable Document Format (PDF).
  1. Dan Baum, Smoke and Mirrors: The War on Drugs and the Politics of Failure, Little, Brown & Co., 1996, p. 15.
  2. Richard M. Nixon, message to Congress, June 17, 1971, from Edward J. Epstein’s Agency of Fear, 1977.
  3. Nixon Tapes, Conversation 568-4, Sept. 9, 1971, Oval Office Conversation with Nixon, Raymond P. Shafer, Jerome H. Jaffe, and Egil G. Krogh, Jr., , transcript on the web at https://www.csdp.org/research/nixonpot.txt.
  4. Nixon Tapes, Conversation 505-4, May 26, 1971, Meeting with Nixon and H.R. "Bob" Haldeman, transcript on the web at https://www.csdp.org/research/nixonpot.txt.
  5. Marihuana: a Signal of Misunderstanding: Report of the National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse, Chapter 3: Evaluating the Social Impact of Drug Dependence, National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse, March 22, 1972, on the web at http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/Library/studies/nc/ncc3.htm.
  6. Marijuana: a Signal of Misunderstanding, Chapter 5: Marihuana and Social Policy, on the web at https://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/Library/studies/nc/ncrec.htm.
  7. Nixon Tapes, Conversation 505-4, May 26, 1971.
  8. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reports, 1973-Current.
  9. National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences, "Informing America's Policy on Illegal Drugs: What We Don't Know Keeps Hurting Us" (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001), p. 1; Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2005 National Drug Control Strategy.
  10. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, US Department of Health and Human Services, Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings (Rockville, MD: Office of Applied Studies, Sept. 2006), p. 224, Table G.1, p. 225, Table G.2, p. 226, Table G.3 & p. 227, Table G.4.
A full copy of the Shafer Commission's Report is available online at the
Schaffer Drug Library.