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Note: Also, check out this page for the latest drug policy-related research news
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312 Kb Toward a Global View of Alcohol, Tobacco, Cannabis, and Cocaine Use: Findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys Degenhardt, et al., PLoS Medicine Journal, Vol. 5, No. 7, July 2008
"Globally, drug use is not distributed evenly and is not simply related to drug policy, since countries with stringent user-level illegal drug policies did not have lower levels of use than countries with liberal ones."
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312 Kb Parents in Prison and Their Minor Children Bureau of Justice Statistics, US Department of Justice, August 2008
"An estimated 809,800 prisoners of the 1,518,535 held in the nation's prisons at midyear 2007 were parents of minor children, or children under age 18. Parents held in the nation's prisons – 52% of state inmates and 63% of federal inmates reported having an estimated 1,706,600 minor children, accounting for 2.3% of the U.S. resident population under age 18."
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312 Kb CRS Report for Congress: International Drug Control Policy Congressional Research Service, June 23, 2008
"This report provides an overview of U.S. international drug control policy. It describes major international counternarcotics initiatives and evaluates the broad array of U.S. drug control policy tools currently in use. The report also considers alternative counterdrug policy approaches to international drug control initiatives and raises several counterdrug policy issues and considerations for policy makers."
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312 Kb Prisoners at Midyear 2007 Bureau of Justice Statistics, US Dept. of Justice, June 2008
This report on state and federal prisoner populations was formerly part of the Prisoners and Jail Inmates at Midyear report series.
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312 Kb Jail Inmates at Midyear 2007 Bureau of Justice Statistics, US Dept. of Justice, June 2008
This report on jail inmate populations in the US at midyear 2007 was formerly part of the Prisoners and Jail Inmates at Midyear report series.
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312 Kb One in 100: Behind Bars in America 2008 Pew Center on the States Public Safety Performance Project, Feb. 2008
"Three decades of growth in America's prison population has quietly nudged the nation across a sobering threshold: for the first time, more than one in every 100 adults is now confined in an American jail or prison. According to figures gathered and analyzed by the Pew Public Safety Performance Project, the number of people behind bars in the United States continued to climb in 2007, saddling cash-strapped states with soaring costs they can ill afford and failing to have a clear impact either on recidivism or overall crime."
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312 Kb "Outcomes of a Prospective Trial of Student-Athlete Drug Testing: The Student Athlete Testing Using Random Notification (SATURN) Study" Goldberg, Linn, MD, et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 41, No. 5, Nov. 2007
This research article reports the findings from the first prospective randomized control trial of student drug testing programs, the Student Athlete Testing Using Random Notification (SATURN) program. According to the research, "student-athletes in DAT [Drug and Alcohol Testing] schools reported less positive attitudes, after the policy was instituted, consistent with our pilot study findings. At the final assessment, DAT athletes believed less in the benefits of drug testing, believed less that testing was a reason not to use drugs, and reported that school officials were less opposed to drug use than the students at comparison schools." Further, "no differences were noted at any of the four follow-up time points for past month indices of use of drugs or use of drugs and alcohol."
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312 Kb Prisoners 2006 US Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics
This US Justice Department report provides statistical information about federal and state prisoner populations at yearend 2006. This report also provides a breakdown of offense type.
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312 Kb GAO Report: Residential Treatment Programs – Concerns Regarding Abuse and Death in Certain Programs for Troubled Youth US Government Accountability Office
This report from the USGAO examines thousands of allegations of abuse of young people at residential treatment programs around the US, and closely examines several specific cases of deaths at these programs.
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312 Kb Drugs and Crime in Ireland - Overview 3 Health Research Board, Dublin, Ireland, 2006
This publication from the Drug Misuse Research Division of Ireland's Health Research Board provides a comprehensive review of the relationship between drugs and crime. (The HRB is a statutory body with a mission to improve health through research and information.)
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312 Kb SACPA Cost Analysis Report, First and Second Years Douglas Longshore, PhD, et al., UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Prepared for the Dept. of Alcohol and Drug Programs, CA Health and Human Services Agency, March 13, 2006.
This report examines the cost offsets and the benefit-cost ratios of the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (SACPA) [Proposition 36].
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312 Kb Treatment Instead of Prisons: A Roadmap for Sentencing and Correctional Policy Reform in Wisconsin Justice Strategies
Study commissioned by Drug Policy Alliance focusing on the impact of possible criminal justice reforms in the state of Wisconsin. The report calls for establishment of a problem-solving court that targets prison-bound individuals with severe addiction problems and expansion of local alternatives to incarceration using a mix of state grants, community corrections subsidies and state purchase of local services for probation and parole. Issued Jan. 2006.
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312 Kb Prisoners In 2004 US Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics
Annual report providing detailed demographic information about the nation's prison population, including the number of offenders in state and federal prisons serving time for drug offenses. Issued in Oct. 2005.
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312 Kb Criminal Victimization, 2004 US Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics
The victimization survey is the nation's primary source of information about the frequency, characteristics, and consequences of vicimization among individuals 12 and older, and property crime in the United States. It has been conducted continuously since 1973.
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312 Kb European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) — Summary of 2003 Findings ESPAD is coordinated by Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs with support from the Swedish Government and The Pompidou Group of the Council of Europe
This publication summarizes the results of the 2003 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). Students in 35 countries across Europe were surveyed on behaviors including cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, drunkenness and use of illicit drugs.
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312 Kb Efficacy & Impact: The Criminal Justice Response To Marijuana Policy In The US Justice Policy Institute, Washington, DC, August 2005
This policy brief measures the efficacy and the impact of US national drug control policies. Law enforcement has been at the center of federal spending on criminal justice responses to drug use for decades. Yet leading national indicators of drug use and drug violations show that there is no clear relationship between drug arrests and drug use, and that the impact of increased arrests, convictions and incarcerations of people for marijuana offenses has significant and measurable collateral consequences on communities and individuals.
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312 Kb Methamphetamine Interagency Task Force: Final Report U.S. Department of Justice, Office of National Drug Control Policy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, & U.S. Department of Education, January 2000
The Methamphetamine Interagency Task Force was established by the Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act passed by the US Congress in 1996. Between 1998 and 1999, this federal task force explored and documented methamphetamine use, trafficking and production in the US and developed an advisory report that outlined a set of principles, needs and recommendations, and research priorities. The aim was to inform the implementation of a national strategy responding to methamphetamine use. The task force emphasized that the strategy to be developed should be comprehensive and interdisciplinary. That is, it should fully integrate the work of the various levels of government—local, State, and Federal partners in law enforcement, health, education, and other disciplines—and should be based on scientifically sound research, best practices, and programs that have proven 'what works.'
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312 Kb Evaluation of the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act 2004 Report Douglas Longshore, PhD, et al., UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Prepared for the Dept. of Alcohol and Drug Programs, CA Health and Human Services Agency, Aug. 4, 2005.
This is the third in a series of annual reports from the independent statewide evaluation of the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (SACPA) [Proposition 36] prepared by UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs for the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs.
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Preventing Harm From Psychoactive Substance Use – Draft Plan City of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 2005
"When A Framework for Action: A Four Pillar Approach to Drug Problems in Vancouver was adopted by City Council in 2001, Vancouver committed to developing a comprehensive strategy based on the best evidence available to address harmful drug use in the city. In public meetings across the city, citizens called for a more focused, coordinated and sustained approach to addressing drug related issues. . . . . This plan highlights both the complexity and centrality of prevention in any discussion of a comprehensive Four Pillar approach to harmful drug use." "This plan recommends that regulation of currently illegal substances should be considered with the goals of increasing our ability to prevent harm to individuals and communities from substance use and of eliminating the involvement of organized crime in these drug markets. We propose that the Federal Government proceed in this direction by first tackling the regulation of cannabis, next evaluating the results and finally moving incrementally to bring more currently illegal substances into regulatory frameworks."
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"Treating Doctors as Drug Dealers: The DEA's War on Prescription Painkillers," by Ronald T. Libby Cato Institute Policy Analysis, No. 545, June 16, 2005
"Since 2001 the federal government has similarly accelerated its pursuit of physicians it says are contributing to the alleged rising tide of prescription drug addiction. By demonizing physicians as drug dealers and exaggerating the health risks of pain management, the federal government has made physicians scapegoats for the failed drug war."
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312 Kb "Update: Syringe Exchange Programs — United States, 2002," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 54, No. 27, July 15, 2005 US Centers for Disease Control
This issue of MMWR features the results of an updated survey of US syringe programs. The survey, performed in 2002 by staff from the Beth Israel Medical Center in New York City and the North American Syringe Exchange Network (NASEN) found that "In 2002, for the first time in 8 years, the number of SEPs, the number of localities with SEPs, and the amount of public funding for SEPs in the United States decreased; however, the total number of syringes exchanged and total budgets for all SEPs surveyed continued to increase."
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312 Kb Evaluation of the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act 2003 Report Douglas Longshore, PhD, et al., UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Prepared for the Dept. of Alcohol and Drug Programs, CA Health and Human Services Agency, Sept. 23, 2004
This is the second in a series of annual reports from the independent statewide evaluation of the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (SACPA) [Proposition 36]. Prepared by UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs for the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs, the report covers the second year of SACPA (July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003) and compares findings across the first and second years.
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312 Kb Evaluation of the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act 2002 Report Douglas Longshore, PhD, et al., UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Prepared for the Dept. of Alcohol and Drug Programs, CA Health and Human Services Agency, July 7, 2003
This is the first report of findings from the evaluation of the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act (SACPA) [Proposition 36]. Prepared by UCLA for the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs, the report focuses on implementation of SACPA in the state's 58 counties during the year beginning July 1, 2001 and ending June 30, 2002.
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312 Kb Substance Dependence, Abuse, and Treatment of Jail Inmates, 2002 US Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, July 2005
This report presents data from the 2002 Survey of Inmates in Local Jails on inmates' prior use, dependence, and abuse of alcohol and illegal drugs. The report also provides data on types of substance abuse treatment or other programs reported by jail inmates. It presents measures of dependence and abuse by gender, race, Hispanic origin, age, and most serious offense. The report compares the levels of prior substance use, dependence, abuse, and treatment by selected characteristics, such as family background, criminal record, type of substance, and offense. Tables include trends in the levels of substance use and treatment reported by jail inmates since the last national survey was conducted in 1996.
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312 Kb Drug-Related Crime and Disorder: Practical Policy Options – Reducing Criminal Justice Exposure Through Early Intervention King County Bar Association Drug Policy Project
The KCBA Treatment Policy and Funding Task Force was formed to consider policies and programs to reduce the extent to which detention, prosecution, adjudication and incarceration are applied to persons whose involvement with the criminal justice system could be alleviated by effective substance abuse treatment. This set of recommendations issued in May 2005 includes reforms that intervene at early stages of criminal justice system involvement, relying less extensively on legal sanctions and more on motivating persons to participate in treatment with minimal criminal justice oversight.
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312 Kb UK Government Strategy Unit Phase 1 Report: Understanding The Issues Strategy Unit, Office of the Prime Minister, United Kingdom
This UK study of drug policy was withheld from the public for 2 years. Only half of it was officially released under pressure from media; the second half was leaked days later. The Guardian reported on July 5, 2005, that "The profit margins for major traffickers of heroin into Britain are so high they outstrip luxury goods companies such as Louis Vuitton and Gucci, according to a study that Downing Street is refusing to publish under freedom of information legislation. Only the first half of the strategy unit study led by the former director general of the BBC, Lord Birt, was released last Friday (July 1, 2005). The other half was withheld but has been leaked to the Guardian. It says that the traffickers enjoy such high profits that seizure rates of 60-80% are needed to have any serious impact on the flow of drugs into Britain but nothing greater than 20% has been achieved. The study concludes that the estimated UK annual supply of heroin and cocaine could be transported into the country in five standard-sized shipping containers but has a value which at a conservative estimate tops AUKP4bn."
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312 Kb State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2002-2003 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health US Dept. of Health and Human Services/SAMHSA
This report presents State estimates on substance use or mental illness problems from the combined 2002 and 2003 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUHs), formerly called the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). The report provides estimates for 21 different measures related to substance use or mental illness based on the pooled 2002 and 2003 NSDUH data. Methodological changes introduced in 2002 affected respondent participation rates and response patterns, resulting in changes in prevalence estimates. Therefore, the findings from the 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs should not be compared with results from the 2001 or earlier NHSDAs. The 2002 survey represented a new baseline for the State estimates, as well as for the national estimates. By combining the 2002 and 2003 survey data, the State-level small area estimates have been improved.
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312 Kb Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2004 US Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics
According to this report by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the nation's prisons and jails held 2,131,180 inmates as of June 30, 2004. Two-thirds were in federal and state prisons, and the other third were in local jails. Jail authorities were supervising an additional 70,548 men and women in the community in work release, weekend reporting, electronic monitoring and other alternative programs.
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312 Kb Aerial Spraying Fails to Reduce Coca Cultivation in Colombia Washington Office on Latin America
This response and analysis from the Washington Office on Latin America unravels the spin on federal estimates of coca and opium poppy production in South America, and is a response to the ONDCP analysis listed immediately below.
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312 Kb 2004 Coca and Opium Poppy Estimates for Colombia and the Andes US Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)
Official US Government estimates for coca and opium production in Colombia and the Andes for 2004.
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312 Kb Are We There Yet? Measuring Progress in the US War on Drugs in Latin America Washington Office on Latin America
In this Dec. 2004 issue of WOLA's Drug War Monitor, WOLA analyst John M. Walsh looks at federal estimates of cocaine production, price, purity, and availability. Drug War Monitor is a publication of WOLA's "Drugs, Democracy and Human Rights" project, that examines the impact of drug trafficking and US international drug control policies on human rights and democratization trends throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.
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312 Kb Caught in the Net - Final Report American Civil Liberties Union, Break The Chains, and the Brennan Center for Justice
Caught in the Net: the Impact of Drug Policies on Women & Families compiles for the first time existing research on the effects of current drug laws and sentencing policies on women and their families. The report is co-authored by the American Civil Liberties Union, Break The Chains, and the Brennan Center for Justice and was launched at a national conference of experts on issues relating to women, families and drugs at NYU School of Law on March 17th and 18th, 2005.
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312 Kb Findings: Random Drug-Testing of Schoolchildren John Rowntree Foundation (UK)
Requesting children and young people to provide urine samples as part of a school-based random drug-testing programme is commonplace within the United States but relatively rare within the United Kingdom. However, in 2004 both the Prime Minister, Tony Blair, and the Leader of the Opposition, Michael Howard, expressed support for such testing as a way of reducing illegal drug use among pupils: this high profile political support may make the practice increasingly common in the UK. This study, by Neil McKeganey, Professor of Drug Misuse Research at Glasgow University, reviews the ethics and practicalities of such testing and considers its likely effectiveness.
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312 Kb Differences in Patterns of Drug Use Between Women and Men European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
In this technical data sheet gender differences are explored in European data from three sources: school surveys (1), general population surveys (2) and drug treatment services (3) in the European Union. These data suggest that gender differences among people using drugs and attending drug treatment services, and the magnitude of these differences, are linked to a number of different factors. Here the impact of national situation, age of drug user and types of drug used on observed differences in patterns of drug consumption is explored in detail. Clearly, other factors are also likely to be important in influencing these male to female ratios. The EMCDDA will be preparing a more extensive special issue on gender in 2006 as part of its annual reporting exercise. In the European Union men are more likely than women to use illicit drugs. Gender differences in patterns of drug use are often considerable and are reflected in the fact that among the clients of drug treatment services the proportion of women is only around 20%.
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312 Kb Adult Drug Courts: Evidence Indicates Recidivism Reductions and Mixed Results for Other Outcomes US Government Accountability Office (GAO)
GAO conducted a systematic review of drug court program research, from which 27 evaluations of 39 adult drug court programs were selected for evaluation. This report describes the results of that review particularly relating to recidivism outcomes, substance use relapse, program completion, and the costs and benefits of drug court programs.
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312 Kb The Price and Purity of Illicit Drugs: 1981 Through the Second Quarter of 2003 US Office of National Drug Control Policy
This study prepared for ONDCP by the RAND Corporation reports on the price and purity of cocaine and heroin from 1981 through the middle of 2003 and is a record of the failure of the US 'drug war' approach. Dated November 2004, this publication was withheld from the public until February 2005, one day following the release of ONDCP's National Drug Control Strategy.
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312 Kb Medical Uses of Marijuana: Opinions of US Residents 45+ AARP
This study reports the opinions of American adults aged 45 and over regarding the medical uses of marijuana. It was made available through AARP's website in early 2005.
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312 Kb Cerebrovascular Perfusion in Marijuana Users During a Month of Monitored Abstinence The Journal Neurology
Report of NIDA-funded research into effect of marijuana use on bloodflow through the brain. Published by the journal Neurology in Feb. 2005.
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312 Kb Effects of an Intensive Street-Level Police Intervention on Syringe Exchange Program Use in Philadelphia, PA American Journal of Public Health
This study analyzes the effects of an intensive long-term street-level police intervention on syring exchange program use in Philadelphia. Published by the American Journal of Public Health in Feb. 2005.
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312 Kb Prisoners in 2003 US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics
Annual report providing detailed demographic information about the nation's prison population. Issued in Nov. 2004.
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312 Kb International Comparisons of Criminal Justice Statistics 2001 UK Home Office Research Development & Statistics Directorate
This bulletin brings together statistical information on criminal justice collected by the UK Home Office and the Council of Europe. The data covers all the European Union Member States, the EU accession countries and selected other countries, including the United States. Issued Oct. 24, 2003.
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312 Kb World Prison Population List (5th Edition) UK Home Office Research Development & Statistics Directorate
The World Prison Population List gives details on the number of prisoners held in 205 independent countries and dependent territories. It shows the differences in the level of imprisonment across the world and makes possible an estimate of the world prison population total. Issued in 2003.
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312 Kb Prisoners in 2001 US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics
Annual report providing detailed demographic information about the nation's prison population. Issued in July 2002.
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312 Kb Federal Drug Offenders 1999, with Trends 1984-1999 US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics
This report provides data on the tremendous growth in the number of drug offenders being processed by the federal system as well as the average sentence length. Issued in August 2001.
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112 Kb Prisoners In 2000 US Dept. of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics
This annual report provides detailed demographic information about the nation's prison population. Issued in August 2001.
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32 Kb Report and Recommendations of NM Governor Gary Johnson's Drug Policy Advisory Group Drug Policy Advisory Group, Office of New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson (R)
This report, by a committee appointed by Governor Gary Johnson (R) of New Mexico, urges the state to adopt harm reduction policies and to emphasize public health over law enforcement in controlling drug abuse.
140 Kb Marijuana Use By Young People in Europe Compared With the US UN World Health Organization
This file contains four pages of charts and tables from a UN World Health Organization study which found that US youth have a much higher rate of marijuana use than youth in Europe. The full report, "Drinks, Drugs and 16 year olds: New Findings for 30 European Countries Announced; The European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs," was issued Feb. 20, 2001, and is available from the WHO's Conference on Young People and Alcohol website.
56 Kb Drug Control: Challenges in Implementing Plan Colombia General Accounting Office
Statement of Jess T. Ford, Director, International Affairs and Trade, GAO, Before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources, Committee on Government Reform, US House of Representatives, Oct. 12. 2000.
691 Kb What America's Users Spend On Illegal Drugs: 1988-1998 Office of National Drug Control Policy
Issued Dec. 2000, this analysis prepared by Abt Associates for ONDCP attempts to estimate the number of drug users in the US and how much they spent on illicit drugs.
146 Kb Adolescent Drug Use and Drug Control Efforts Common Sense for Drug Policy
An excellent two page summary of adolescent drug use and federal efforts to combat the use of illegal drugs by minors.
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110 Kb The Business of Drug Dealing in Milwaukee Wisconsin Policy Research Institute
An in-depth examination of drug dealing in the city of Milwaukee. It considers the rationality of drug dealing as a survival strategy, provides information on race, income, and other relevant characteristics of drug dealers.
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97 Kb Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies in 1996 Bureau of Justice Statistics
This report tabulates the number of police officers in the United States.
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220 Kb Drug Testing: A Bad Investment American Civil Liberties Union
Findings of the National Academy of Sciences and other unbiased sources.
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11 Kb Drug Use in the United States and the Netherlands Common Sense for Drug Policy
This brief fact sheet compares the Netherlands and the United States on four major social indicators: adolescent marijuana use, homicide, heroin addiction, and drug-law enforcement costs.
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72 kb Evaluation of Drug Testing & Education Fund after First Year Arizona Supreme Court
This report from the Arizona State Supreme Court analyzes the performance of Arizona's Drug Treatment & Education Fund, which provides for offenders to be put into drug treatment as an alternative to incarceration.
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58 Kb Drug Data Fact Sheet Office of National Drug Control Policy
A six page fact sheet compiled by the ONDCP to summarize drug use and control statistics.
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293 Kb Federal Prison Industries General Accounting Office
This report examines the scope and efficiency of industries operated within prisons and by prison laborers.
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148 Kb Law Enforcement: Information on Drug Related Police Corruption General Accounting Office
Examines the prevalence of drug related corruption in police forces in the United States.
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140 Kb Prisoners in 1999 Bureau of Justice Statistics
This report provides information on the number of prisoners in the United States.
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121 kb Probation and Parole 1998 Bureau of Justice Statistics
This report summarizes data on offenders serving probation or parole in the fifty states and the Federal system.
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138 kb Substance Abuse and Treatment in State and Federal Prisons, 1997 Bureau of Justice Statistics
This report details substance abuse and treatment services and needs in prisons in the Federal and state corrections systems.
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173 kb Women Offenders Bureau of Justice Statistics
This report from the Department of Justice provides demographic information about female offenders in the US justice system.
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49 kb Places of Drug Purchase in The Netherlands Center for Drug Research (CEDRO)
This report from the Center for Drug Research at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, details how and where drugs, particularly cannabis, are sold in The Netherlands.
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969 kb Prevalence of Drug Use in The Netherlands Center for Drug Research (CEDRO)
This report from the Center for Drug Research at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, details the prevalence of drug use among the population of The Netherlands.
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101 kb Comparison of European Drug Laws and Analysis of Drug Policy in the UK. DrugScope
This report compares and contrasts European drug laws with those in the United Kingdom.
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Links to Data, Statistics, and Research
link Center for Drug Research University of Amsterdam
CEDRO produces a great deal of quality research on drug use in Europe and The Netherlands.
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link The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University
CASA produces a great deal of high-quality research on drug use, prevention, and treatment policies in the United States.
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link European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction
The European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction performs research and analysis on drug issues for the European Union. EMCDDA is the source for the EU's annual report on drugs and drug policies.
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link European Legal Database on Drugs European Monitoring Center on Drugs and Drug Addiction
The European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction created this database of European drug policies on June 26, 2001, and it is a work in progress.
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Link Addiction Web SiteStanton Peele
Stanton Peele, Ph.D, is a social/clinical psychologist who has greatly influenced the addiction field. This site contains many of his numerous writings on the issue of addiction, which have been published in widely read journals. It also has critiques on recent 'discoveries' about the biology of addiction.
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Link Drug Library Drug Reform Coordination Network
"The World's Largest Online Library of Drug Policy"
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Link Drug Policy Resource Center RAND
Established in 1989 to conduct the empirical research, policy analysis, and outreach needed to help community leaders and public officials develop more effective strategies for dealing with drug problems.
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Link Monitoring the Future Survey Institute for Social Research
This is the site for the longest running survey of adolescent/young adult drug use and attitudes about drug use in the United States.
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link US Centers for Disease Control US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service
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link National Center for Health Statistics US Centers for Disease Control
The National Center for Health Statistics prepares a number of reports, including Vital Statistics of the US, Deaths, Hospitalizations for Injury, and Health United States 2000.
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Link National Clearinghouse of Drug Information US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
This web site includes links to many government reports on drug issues.
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link Journal of the American Medical Association American Medical Association
The Journal of the American Medical Association is a widely-respected, peer-reviewed medical journal. Some portions are available only to subscribers, however their special forum on HIV-AIDS as well as other sections are open to public use.
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link Bureau of Justice Statistics US Department of Justice
The Bureau of Justice Statistics is the primary source for research data from the US Department of Justice. BJS prepares reports on prisons, probation, parole, drug treatment and testing, crime, etc.
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LinkTransactional Records Action Clearinghouse (TRAC)Syracuse University
Reviews the effectiveness and costs of DEA and FBI. Specifically designed to assist journalists.



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Updated: Wednesday, 13-Oct-2010 11:46:32 PDT   ~   Accessed: 211217 times